What You Should Know
Limacella illinita is a mushroom in the genus Limacella, in the family Amanitaceae. It is widely distributed in North America and often found in Europe. These can habitat singly, scattered, or in groups in woods, swamps, fields, lawns, roadsides and dunes.
Other names: Overflowing Slimy Stem, White Limacella.
Limacella illinita Mushroom Identification
It has an approximately 2–7 cm long radius. It is round becoming convex then wide or with a broad umbo, the margin hanging with slimy veil remnants. It is white or cream. It feels smooth and sticky or slimy.
They are free, non-waxy, close, broad and white.
The 5–10 cm long stem tapers a bit towards the top. It is fleshy, soft and has a ring. White in color, it is also sticky and slimy.
The spores are globose to broadly ellipsoid and smooth.
The spores measure 4.5–6.5 x 4–6 µm.
The flesh is slimy and sticky.
August or July and October or November.
Limacella illinita Bioactive Compounds
A study in 2007 discovered four new bioactive compounds from basidiomycetes, isolated from fermentations of L. illinita: Illinitone A that exhibited weak phytotoxic and moderate nematicidal activities against Caenorhabditis elegans, Illinitone B was moderately cytotoxic, Limacellone that exhibited weak cytotoxic and phytotoxic activities and muurolane sesquiterpene 4a that was found to be inactive in the assays performed there.
Limacella illinita Synonyms
Lepiota illinita (Fr.) Quél., 1873
Armillaria subcava (Schumach.) Sacc., 1887
Amanitella illinita (Fr.) Maire, 1913
Myxoderma illinitum (Fr.) Kühner, 1926
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