What You Should Know
Lichenomphalia umbellifera is a species in the Hygrophoraceae (mushroom lichen) family. It is yellowish-tan and hygrophanous, and occurs throughout most of the year on damp soil and rotting wood. It can be found in the Northern Hemisphere, particularly in the region of the Arctic. Its cap grows up to 3 cm wide. Its stalk is 1–3 cm tall and 1–3 mm wide. The spores are white or yellowish.
The mycelium of Lichenomphalia umbellifera is symbiotically associated with the green alga Coccomyxa and forms tiny, granulose to globular bodies near the base of the agaric that were originally described as Botrydina vulgaris. Botrydina was considered a primitive lichen and has a complex arrangement of algal cells in a compact hyphal system.
Omphalina ericetorum and Omphalina umbellifera are synonyms, as are ericetorum and umbellifera combinations in various other genera, including Phytoconis.
The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 as Agaricus umbelliferus. It was transferred to Lichenomphalia in 2002.
Other names: Green-Pea Mushroom Lichen.
Lichenomphalia umbellifera Mushroom Identification
5-15 mm broad, convex with depressed disc, infundibuliform in age, margin decurved, translucent-striate to sulcate. Surface dry, glabrous, cinnamon to brownish, yellowish in age. Odor and taste are indistinct.
Decurrant, distant, moderately broad. Pale yellowish.
10–25 × 1–2 mm, cylindrical, glabrous above with white tomentum at the base. Apex vinaceous brown, paler below.
Thin; whitish; unchanging when sliced.
Spores 7–10 x 5–7 µm; ellipsoid to widely lacrymoid; smooth; hyaline in KOH; inamyloid. Basidia 4-sterigmate; 35–45 x 5–7 µm; subclavate. Cystidia not found. Pileipellis a cutis of hyaline to brownish, smooth elements 4–10 µm wide. Clamp connections not found.
Solitary to gregarious, typically on rotting conifer logs, occasionally in damp soil. It is rare south of Northern California, being common in the Pacific Northwest and north to the arctic.
Include Chromosera cyanophylla, Chrysomphalina aurantiaca, Chrysomphalina chrysophylla, Contumyces rosellus, and Rickenella fibula.
Photo 1 - Author: James Lindsey (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic)
Photo 2 - Author: Jerzy Opioła (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
Photo 3 - Author: Jason Hollinger (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)
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