What You Should Know
Thelephora vialis is a spoon or fan-shaped mushroom dirty white or yellowish to brownish-gray color. Fertile surface pale yellow to grayish brown; smooth becoming slightly wrinkled with tiny projections. Habitats on the ground in hardwood forests, particularly under the oak. Found in eastern North America from Vermont to South Carolina and west to Illinois. Season August-October.
It is considered to be inedible, but some sources say it is edible. Well known as a medicinal mushroom, especially in China, and also considered one of the most favored edible mushrooms (Dai et al., 2004; Onose et al., 2008).
Other names: Groundwart, Common fiber vase, Gamba-jun (Yunnan, China).
Thelephora vialis Mushroom Identification
2-10 cm tall, 2-15 cm wide, a surface color varying from yellow, light buff to cinnamon brown, grey to beige; infundibuliform to vase-like or cup-like, imbricately lobed at the center; hymenium smooth or pipallose.
5-50 mm thick, eccentric to central, whitish to gray.
Thick, like leather (coriaceous).
Olive-buff color under microscope, angular and lobed/tubercular, spiny, 5-8 x 4.5-6 µm.
Light to dark brown.
Grows on the ground in forests, especially near oak.
Found in North America (McKnight and McKnight, 1987), New Zealand, Australia (Cunningham, 1963) and Japan.
Thelephora vialis Synonyms
Phylacteria vialis (Schwein.) Pat.
Thelephora tephroleuca Berk. & M.A. Curtis
Photo 1 - Author: dario.z (dario13) (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)
Photo 2 - Author: dario.z (dario13) (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)
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