What You Should Know
Amanita citrina is an inedible mushroom with a fleshy pale yellow, or sometimes white cap. It is a very common mushroom that grows in most parts of mainland Europe and North America.
Although known to contain the toxin alpha-amanitin and bufotenin but if eaten in normal amounts the concentration is so low that it is unlikely to have any significant effect on a healthy adult. Anyway, Ultimate Mushroom doesn't recommend collecting and eating this mushroom.
Other names: False Death Cap, Citron Amanita.
Amanita citrina Mushroom Identification
4–10 cm (1.5–4 in) across, covered in irregular patches, pale yellow or white.
Thick, narrow, initially weakly attached, later free, initially white, later yellowish.
The stem is 5-12 cm high, 1-2 cm in diameter, initially bulbous, later cylindrical, with a large yellowish or brownish bulbous thickening at the base, hollow, white-yellowish. The ring is wide, hanging, smooth, flaky above, yellow, and sometimes disappearing. The volva grew to the stem, initially white, later yellow-brown or brown.
The flesh is soft, white, and yellow under the skin.
8-11 * 7-9 μm, broadly oval or almost round, with a smooth surface.
Odor and Taste
The taste is unpleasant, with the smell of radish or raw potatoes.
Found in deciduous and coniferous woodlands in Europe and North American oak and pine forests.
Summer to Autumn.
Amanita citrina Look-Alikes
The veil pieces are left on the cap until maturity. The cap remains slightly domed, its pedicle ring is usually high and not very large, and there is no pungent odor.
It retains fragments of the veil on its cap, which develops a sickening sweetness as it ages.
Is an inedible or mildly poisonous mushroom that tends to have a darker cap.
Amanita citrina Taxonomy and Etymology
In 1762 Jacob Christian Schaeffer described this species and named it Agaricus citrinus.
In 1797 Christiaan Hendrik Persoon transferred it to Amanita citrina.
The specific epithet citrina is a literal illustration of the lemon-yellow tinge of the caps.
A. citrina var. citrina - the main variety, with a yellowish-green cap.
A. citrina var. alba (Gillet) E.-J. Gilbert, 1918 - white-capped. It is noticed that when the main or white variety spreads, the other gives way to it.
A. citrina var. grisea (Hongo) Hongo, 1959 - gray-capped.
A. citrina var. lavendula Coker, 1917 - has a grayish-yellow cap.
Amanita citrina Synonyms
Amanita mappa (Batsch) Fr., 1838
Amanita bulbosa var. citrina (Schaeff.) Gillet, 1874
Amanita mappa var. citrina (Schaeff.) Rea, 1922
Amanitina citrina (Schaeff.) E.-J. Gilbert, 1940
Venenarius mappa (Batsch) Murrill, 1948
Amanita venenosa Pers., 1818
Amanita venenata Pers., 1818
Photo 1 - Author: Katarzyna Kawka (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
Photo 2 - Author: Jason Hollinger (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic)
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Photo 5 - Author: Аимаина хикари (Public Domain)
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