What You Should Know
Pholiota limonella is an inedible mushroom of the genus Pholiota. It is a medium to large, orange-yellow, rounded agaric with a slimy cap. The mushroom grows in clusters on downed logs, standing dead trees, and stumps.
Other names: Lemon-yellow Pholiota.
Pholiota limonella Mushroom Identification
Saprobic and probably parasitic; growing alone or, more commonly, in clusters on living or dead wood; frequently found on the wood of birch and alder, but also documented on a variety of hardwoods and conifers; summer and fall; probably widely distributed in North America.
3-13 cm; convex, becoming broadly convex, broadly bell-shaped, or nearly flat; sticky or slimy; orange-yellow to yellow; covered with brownish to reddish-brown scales that are soon scattered and often gelatinize, disappearing or becoming indistinct by maturity.
Attached to the stem; close; whitish to yellowish when young, becoming rusty brown; at first covered by a whitish to yellowish, cobwebby partial veil.
4-15 cm long; up to 2 cm thick; dry, or sticky near the base; silky near the apex; with a flimsy ring or ring zone (often indistinct); whitish to yellowish under reddish brown to brownish or yellowish-brown scales that may be scattered or densely packed; base sometimes covered with whitish mycelium.
Yellow or whitish.
Odor and Taste
KOH red to orangish on cap surface.
Rusty brown to brown.
Spores 6-9 x 4-5.5 µ; smooth; more or less elliptical; with an apical pore; brownish in KOH. Pleurocystidia clavate to clavate-mucronate; up to 65 x 13 µ; often with greenish yellow contents (chrysocystidia). Cheilocystidia variously shaped; up to 45 x 16 µ. Pileipellis a gelatinized layer of hyphae 2.5-7.5 µ wide. Clamp connections are present.
Pholiota aurivella has more distinctive scales.
Pholiota limonella Synonyms
Pholiota subsquarrosa var. limonella (Rick 1938)
Pholiota abietis (A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1968)
Pholiota connata (A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1968)
Pholiota subvelutipes (A.H. Sm. & Hesler 1968)
Pholiota ceriferoides (P.D. Orton 1988)
Photo 1 - Author: the real Kam75 (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic)
Photo 2 - Author: the real Kam75 (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic)
Photo 3 - Author: the real Kam75 (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic)
Photo 4 - Author: the real Kam75 (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic)
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