What You Should Know
Pleurotus australis is a species of Fungi in the family Pleurotaceae. It is a gilled mushroom native to Australia and New Zealand. It is found on dead wood. This fleshy, shell-shaped species has a brown cap with an inrolled margin. Cream to brown gills run down the stem, where they often form a network of ridges. The stem can be lateral or off-center, white or brown but always short and stubby.
Although morphologically similar to some other Pleurotus fungi, it is a distinct species incapable of cross-breeding.
Other names: Brown Oyster Mushroom.
Pleurotus australis Mushroom Identification
200mm dia., dry, smooth or minutely scaly, margin strongly inrolled when young.
Dry, smooth except for a network of ridged gill remains.
White, drying out to pale tan.
Australia—on roots of Leptospermum in S. Australia (holotype). new zealand—in indigenous forest, growing on the wood of Leptospermum scoparium J.R, & G. Forst, Kunzea ericoides (A. Rich.) Joy Thomps., Corynocarpus laevigatus J.R. & G. Forst. and Sophora microphylla Alton, occasionally on the ground from buried roots. The basidiomes may be solitary or in imbricate clusters.
Pleurotus australis Synonyms
Agaricus australis Cooke & Massee (1887)
Dendrosarcus australis (Cooke & Massee) Kuntze (1898)
Agaricus leptospermi F.Muell. (1888)
Photo 1 - Author: Aussie Oc (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
Photo 2 - Author: karode13 (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)
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