Strobilurus esculentus: The Ultimate Mushroom Guide
About The Strobilurus esculentus Mushroom
Strobilurus esculentus is a very common, edible mushroom of the genus Strobilurus. It is a small agaric with a brown, conical cap and whitish gills. The mushroom grows solitary or in small groups, attached to buried or partly buried spruce cones. This species never occurs on pine cones.
The cap is convex, brownish grey, and grows 1 to 3 cm in diameter. It can also be off-white or brownish-black. The gills are crowded, white, and somewhat sinuate. The spores are white. The stem is brownish grey with a pale apex.
This mushroom has a bitter taste. Fried caps of young mushrooms are consumed after preliminary boiling.
Other names: Spruce Cone Cap.
Strobilurus esculentus Identification
The cap is 0.8-2 cm in diameter, convex, later flat, smooth, with a tubercle in the center. The color is brown, fading to pale yellow; the edge of the cap is lighter than the center.
The gills are frequent, adherent, white or gray.
The stem is thin, elongated, 3-5 cm in height and 1-3 mm in thickness, lighter at the top and darker at the bottom. Woolly strands are visible at the base.
White; firm, with a slightly pungent odor.
Elongated-ellipsoidal, cystids are elongated-fusiform.
Habitat and Distribution
It grows from March to early May, and in October, sometimes after cooling in the summer months, in coniferous spruce forests, in wet sunny areas, on spruce cones, on rotten spruce shrubs immersed in the soil, among coniferous precipitation, in groups.
Strobilurus tenacellus is distinguished by a more convex yellow-brown cap.
Strobilurus esculentus Synonyms
Collybia esculenta (Wulfen) P. Kumm., 1871
Marasmius esculentus (Wulfen) P. Karst., 1889
Marasmius conigenus subsp. esculentus (Wulfen) J. Favre, 1939
Marasmius tenacellus subsp. esculentus (Wulfen) Konrad & Maubl., 1948
Pseudohiatula esculenta (Wulfen) Singer, 1951
Pseudohiatula conigena var. esculenta (Wulfen) M.M. Moser, 1955
Strobilurus esculentus profile
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