Clitocybe fragrans: The Ultimate Mushroom Guide
About The Clitocybe fragrans Mushroom
Clitocybe fragrans is a white mushroom with a "fragrant" (fragrans) odor of aniseed and can be confused with the aniseed toadstool. The cap ranges from 1–5 cm (0.39–1.97 in) in diameter. The stem is 2–6 cm (0.79–2.36 in) long and 2–5 mm wide. While edible, it should be avoided as it can be confused with deadly poisonous species, including Clitocybe dealbata (which lacks the anise odor). It also resembles Clitocybe odora.
Other names: Fragrant Funnel, Slim anise mushroom, Slanke anijstrechterzwam (Dutch), Clitocybe parfumé (French), Dufttrichterling (German).
Clitocybe fragrans Identification
Caps are initially convex and expand to become almost flat, often with a slight central depression; 1.5 to 4cm in diameter, smooth, matt; hygrophanous, greyish brown when wet becoming creamy white when dry; margin sometimes translucently striate. The thin cap flesh is whitish.
The moderately crowded gills are adnate to slightly decurrent and closely concolorous with the cap but often with a pinkish tinge.
The smooth or slightly fibrous stem is cylindrical and creamy white or pale buff, without a ring.
Ellipsoidal, smooth, 6.5-9 x 3.5-5μm.
Pale cream, sometimes with a faint orange tinge.
Odor and Taste
Smells distinctly of aniseed; taste not distinctive.
Habitat & Ecological Role
Singly or more often in small groups in deciduous and mixed woodland, on leaf litter; sometimes on roadside verges beside hedges or in parkland and churchyards.
Clitocybe fragrans Look-Alikes
Typically larger and has a pinkish buff to the ochre cap.
Has a strong aniseed smell, but it is usually larger than C. fragrans and when young and fresh it has a blue cap.
Clitocybe fragrans Medicinal Properties
Anti-tumor effects. Polysaccharides extracted from the mycelial culture of C. fragrans and administered intraperitoneally into white mice at a dosage of 300 mg/kg inhibited the growth of Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich solid cancers by 80% (Ohtsuka et al., 1973).
Clitocybe fragrans Taxonomy & Etymology
When English botanist William Wittering (1741 - 1799) described this species in 1792, he gave it the name Agaricus fragrans. In 1871 German mycologist Paul Kummer transferred this woodland/grassland mushroom to the genus Clitocybe, renaming it Clitocybe fragrans.
Synonyms of Clitocybe fragrans include Agaricus fragrans With., Omphalia fragrans (With.) Gray, Lepista fragrans (With.) Harmaja, and Clitocybe depauperata (J.E. Lange) P.D. Orton, and Pseudolyophyllum fragrans (With.) Raithelh.
The generic name Clitocybe (usually pronounced 'klite-oss-a-bee') means 'sloping head', while the specific epithet fragrans is Latin and means 'fragrant' - a reference to the aniseed-like odor of this mushroom.
Help Improve Ultimate Mushroom
If you find an error or you want to add more information about the mushroom please click here.