Amanita ovoidea: The Ultimate Mushroom Guide
About The Amanita ovoidea Mushroom
The European white egg (Amanita ovoidea), bearded amanita or European egg amidella, is a species of fungus of the genus Amanita in the family Amanitaceae. It is a large, white-colored fungus, often tinged with cream. Native to Europe, it is found on plains as well as mountains in the Mediterranean region. The species was first described in 1833 by Pierre Bulliard, a French physician and botanist, and Lucien Quélet, a French mycologist and naturalist.
In some Mediterranean countries where these large mushrooms are fairly common, Amanita ovoidea is a highly-prized edible mushroom and is often served either whole or sliced with meat dishes, including beef steak. Morels and Chanterelles are, in our opinion, much better suited to that purpose and their survival is unlikely to be threatened by us picking a few as a treat now and then - the best way to treat edible wild mushrooms, surely.
Recently doubts have been cast on the advisability of eating Amanita ovoidea, following a case of poisoning in Italy. Ultimate Mushroom do not recommend eating these fungi!
Other names: Bearded Amanita, European Egg Amidella.
Amanita ovoidea Identification
The cap of Amanita ovoidea is 90 - 350 mm wide, white, moist, hemispheric then convex, with a nonstriate, appendiculate margin. The flesh is white. The volval remnants are floccose.
The gills are chalk white, narrow, densely serrate, free, ventricose, and with a "subtly" floccose margin.
The stem is 100 - 150 × 25 - 50 mm, white, completely floccose, and thickening toward the base. In the area where one might expect an annulus in another species, the flocculence is so thick that it has been described as capable of being spread with a knife like soft cheese. The saccate volva is white or reddening.
The spores measure (6.3-) 7.5 - 10.5 (-15.0) × (4.9-) 5.2 - 7.0 (-8.4) µm and are broadly ellipsoid to ellipsoid to elongate and amyloid.
Amanita ovoidea Look-Alikes
A poisonous species containing allenic norleucine, is very similar to A. ovoidea. It is separated by the deep ochraceous to russet-orange color of its volva, the persistent pendulous ring on the stipe, and the smooth cap margin, without vellar remains. A. proxima is found in the same habitats as A. ovoidea, and can cause cytolytic hepatitis and acute renal failure.
Amanita citrina var. alba
Usually retains velar fragments on the cap; it has the sharp smell of new potatoes rather than a sweet sickly odor.
Is taller and slimmer with a less chunky volva; it also lacks the marginal veil fragments and is largely confined to northern regions where Amanita ovoidea is not likely to be found.
Help Improve Ultimate Mushroom
If you find an error or you want to add more information about the mushroom please click here.