What You Should Know
Morchella conica is a type of fungus in the Morchellaceae family. It has a distinct appearance with a conical shape, longitudinal, and transversal ribs, similar to a honeycomb. It is brown-gray or dark brown with purple tones, and the ribs are straight and blackish. The stem is cylindrical, hollow, wrinkled, and often swollen at the base, starting whitish and turning brown with age. The flesh is thin, whitish, and somewhat cartilaginous on the stem, emitting a pleasant fruity smell. The spores are yellowish.
M. conica is commonly found in bark mulch, alluvial forests, parks, gardens, forest edges, burn spots, and forest meadows. It acts as a secondary decomposer in its environment.
This mushroom is conditionally edible. It contains unknown thermolabile toxins. It should be boiled for 20 minutes before use. It can be cooked in various ways, such as boiling, frying, or drying.
The name M. conica was initially introduced in 1818 by mycologist Christian Hendrik Persoon but was later considered an unnecessary name for the existing species Morchella continua.
Other names: Black Morel, Netherlands (Gedroogde Morilles), France (Mycélium de Morille Conique).
Morchella conica Mushroom Identification
Elongated-conical, consisting of a cap and a stem fused together, with a common cavity.
The cap is 0.79 to 2.76 inches (2 to 7 cm) high, 0.59 to 1.57 inches (1.5 to 4 cm) in diameter, conical and elongated, with a sharp top. It is cellular, reticulated, hollow, and attached to the stem by the edges. The cells are elongated and of regular shape, rounded or diamond-shaped, with well-defined ribs. The surface of the cap is spore-bearing and varies in color from brown to brown-brown. The edges are always darker, black-brown.
The stem is 0.79 to 1.57 inches (2 to 4 cm) high, 0.39 to 0.79 inches (1 to 2 cm) in diameter, cylindrical, hollow, and light-colored, appearing whitish or yellowish.
The flesh is thin, tight, light, and without a pronounced smell.
Asci are 250 * 15-18 μm, cylindrical, and 8-spored. Spores are 18-21 * 12-15 μm, elliptical and rounded, colorless, arranged in one row.
The spore powder is yellowish.
It grows from the end of April to the middle of May in coniferous and mixed forests, as well as in glades and on the edges of forests, among aspens. It is mainly found on sandy soils, occurring both singly and in groups, although it is rarely encountered.
Morchella conica Look-Alikes
Differ in the non-elongated shape of the cap and the geometry of the cells.
Morchella conica Synonyms
Morchella conica Pers., 1818
Morchella contigua Tratt.
Morilla conica (Persoon) Quélet, 1886
Photo 1 - Author: Grzegorz Browarski (CC Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
Photo 2 - Author: Grzegorz Browarski (CC Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
Photo 3 - Author: GLJIVARSKO DRUSTVO NIS (CC Attribution 2.0 Generic)
Photo 4 - Author: GLJIVARSKO DRUSTVO NIS (CC Attribution 2.0 Generic)