What You Should Know
Russula turci is a common, edible, Russula mushroom, found under pines and spruces, on sandy soil and clay. The cap is flat when young, and matures to be somewhat funnel-shaped, dark amethyst-violet to brownish pink. The margin is paler and noticeably matt. The cap grows up to 8 cm in diameter. The gills are cream to light ochre, rather crowded, and connected at the base by cross veins. The spores are ochre. The stem is white and evenly thick. The flesh is white, and the base of the stem has a distinct smell of iodine.
It is edible and used after boiling for 15 minutes, boiled, fried, and also salted.
Russula turci Mushroom Identification
The cap is 3-10 cm in diameter, fleshy, at first hemispherical, convex, later convex-expanded, flat-expanded, depressed-expanded, with a blunt, initially smooth, later scarred edge. The surface of the cap is smooth, slippery, bluish-purple, dark purple, gray-purple, pink-purple, ochre-pink, purple-brown, lighter or darker in the center, and often yellowish-olive.
The hymenophore is lamellar. Plates of medium density, accreted, initially whitish, cream, later ocher, sometimes with a reddish tint.
The stem is 2-8 cm high, 1-2.5 cm in diameter, cylindrical, dense, solid, sometimes hollow, white, and white with a pinkish tint.
The flesh is dense, white, loose with age, yellowish, under the skin is lilac, with a sweetish taste and an unpleasant smell, in the stem with the smell of iodoform.
8-11 * 8-10 μm, egg-shaped, sometimes with a rough-warty surface and with net ornamentation.
Grows from July to September, in coniferous pine forests, alone, rarely.
The rare Russula azurea also has a purple cap and grows beneath spruces. Russula amethystina can hardly be distinguished from this mushroom, its blue to reddish-violet cap occasionally has pale patches and also a smell of iodine in the stem base. It can be found in coniferous mountain forests, mostly under silver fir.
Russula turci Synonyms
Russula lateritia Quél., 1886
Russula purpureolilacina Fayod, Ann. R. Acad., 1893
Russula murrillii Burl., 1913
Photo 1 - Author: Jerzy Opioła (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
Photo 2 - Author: Quartl (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)
Photo 3 - Author: Maulaff (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported)
Photo 4 - Author: Jerzy Opioła (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International)
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